TMJ Temporomandibular Joint Disorders


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TMD (Temporomandibular disorders) is a group of conditions that cause pain or dysfunction that involves one of both Temporomandibular joints (TMJ).

The Temporomandibular joint is a hinge joint connecting the lower jaw (mandible) to the skull (temporal bone).

 

Causes

  • Teeth Grinding - When you grind of clench your teeth it puts stress on the jaw joint. You may also grind your teeth in your sleep.

  • Teeth are not aligned properly.

  • Injury to the jaw.

  • Stress may cause you to unconsciously grind your teeth.

  • Work related tasks that put stress on your neck and jaw creating inflammation, sore muscles, tendons and ligaments.

  • Failure to replace missing teeth.

  • Habitual gum chewing.

Symptoms

  • Painful clicking and popping noises when opening or closing the mouth.

  • Muscle pain upon waking up, could be caused by clenching or grinding your teeth while sleeping.

  • Stiffness in the joint or muscle.

  • Severe headaches/migraine felt around your temples, behind the eyes, and at the back of the neck and shoulders.

  • A jaw joint that feels like it is locked either open or closed.

  • Trouble chewing food.

Treatment

  • Resting your jaw.

  • Applying ice and heat.

  • Gentle stretching exercises.

  • Eating soft foods.

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications.

  • Severe cases may need surgery.

 

Mouth Guards

TMJ mouth guards helps stabilize and align the bite to prevent teeth grinding. The mouth guard helps to relieve pain, relax the muscles and help to protect from tooth wear. A cast of the patient's teeth is made and a custom fitted mouth piece is created.

Night guards keep your teeth separated and prevents them from clenching and grinding while you sleep.

Splint appliance therapy guards are worn 24 hours a day to position the jaw joints in a stable position.

 

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